Science had a terrific year in 2022, with historic space flights, archaeological discoveries, and more to learn in health.

The year 2022 began on a high one, with the world anticipating the ultimate location of the James Webb Space Telescope (JWST) 1.5 million kilometres from Earth, which it did. We were soon able to observe the universe like never before.
In addition, January presented the greatest evidence yet that the common Epstein-Barr virus is the primary cause of Multiple Sclerosis (MS).
An individual received a genetically engineered heart from a pig for the first time. The aim is that one day, even if a human organ is unavailable, more individuals will be able to get organ transplants when they are needed. However, the patient died two months later after the first try.
It was reported in February that the International Space Station (ISS), a symbol of space collaboration, peace, and science, will be retired by 2031 and would lay in the bottom of the Pacific Ocean when it returned to Earth.
When it was announced that Bruce Willis had been diagnosed with aphasia and would be retiring from acting after a decades-long career, March became a significant month for aphasia awareness.
In March, a research predicted that the COVID-19 pandemic had killed roughly 18 million people worldwide. This was more than three times the figure provided by the World Health Organization (WHO).
And when the wreck of Shackleton’s ship Endurance was discovered in Antartica, it was considered “one of the biggest triumphs in polar history and polar research.”.
Human gene alterations, according to new study, may be highly connected to the chance of getting schizophrenia. An additional 120 genes were shown to be involved.
Other studies have shown that psilocybin, a hallucinogenic component found in magic mushrooms, can be used to treat sadness. However, it is critical that individuals do not “self-medicate”: the psychoactive constituent was evaluated in humans.
The Event Horizon Telescope team announced in May that it had obtained the first image of a supermassive black hole at the heart of our Milky Way galaxy.
Then, once the findings of a large research with 500,000 participants were disclosed, we learnt that seven hours of sleep are ideal for cognitive function and excellent mental health.
With mankind still dealing with the COVID-19 epidemic, the month of May saw the emergence of monkeypox cases across the world. The virus’s name has now been changed to Mpox by the WHO.
The Alfred Wegener Institute in Germany forecast “severe losses” of the Siberian tundra by the middle of the millennium owing to global warming in June. They stated that
Then, to add to the numerous remarkable astronomical occurrences this year, five planets — Mercury, Venus, Mars, Jupiter, and Saturn — aligned with a crescent moon.
In July, DW’s Science team examined the hurdles and prejudice that LGBTQ scientists confront.
There was thrilling particle physics news: scientists working on the Large Hadron Collider (LHC), the world’s largest and most powerful collider, revealed the discovery of three new particles.
Then came one of the most anticipated occasions in science in 2022: the release of the first photographs from the JWST. The photographs provided an unparalleled glimpse into the universe, as well as evidence of water vapour on a planet 1,150 light-years away.
A research published in August revealed that milk drinking did not cause ancient people to develop the ability to digest lactose as adults.
The outcomes of a two-year trial including 1.2 million patients provided us with a better grasp of extended COVID.
For over 120 years, the “Linear Elamite” writing system was thought to be illegible. That changed when a group of archaeologists announced that they had partially deciphered the writing system.
Humanity’s first effort to shift an asteroid’s trajectory by hitting it incredibly hard with an unmanned spaceship occurred in September, and it was nearly sci-fi. That was NASA’s DART mission, a test to examine how we can shield Earth against asteroid strikes in the future.
As usual, October began with the Nobel Prize announcements. Svante Paabo was given the Nobel Prize in Medicine for his studies on how humans developed.
Alain Aspect, John F. Clauser, and Anton Zeilinger were recognised for their contributions to quantum mechanics.
Carolyn R. Bertozzi, K. Barry Sharpless, and Morten Meldal were honoured in Chemistry for discovering a method of snapping molecules together.
In addition, we found in October that dating ancient artefacts using the Earth’s magnetic field might aid in determining the dates of biblical military conflicts.
This year’s World Polio Day included a reminder that the illness was still present in two nations, and vaccine-derived forms had been found in wastewater in the UK and the US.
Our knowledge of human history advanced with the discovery that early people prepared food as early as 780,000 years ago, rather than 170,000 years ago as previously assumed.
After multiple scrubbed efforts earlier in the year, Artemis I, an uncrewed trip to the moon, ultimately launched on November 16. The Artemis program’s objective is to return people to the moon, establish a base there, and then proceed to Mars.
Finally, in December, the US National Ignition Facility (NIF) declared a breakthrough in fusion energy research. Nuclear fusion powers the sun, and scientists believe that it will be used in future, sustainable energy sources. But there is still a long way to go.

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